An oligodendrocyte is a type of neuroglia found in the central nervous system of invertebrates and vertebrates. In humans, the oligodendrocyte are found in the brain and are a variety of neuroglia. The oligodendrocyte functions to produce myelin, an insulating sheath on the axons of nerve fibres. The name 'Oligodendrocytes' originates from a Greek word meaning 'cells with a few branches'.
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