These are medical drugs often used by patients with ALS or MND.

Medical and Medicine Terms


An exaggeration of the forward curve of the lower part of the back, sometimes called sway-back.


In genetics, the general term for a class of enzymes that speed up the joining of the ends of two chains of DNA.


L-DOPA (L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine) is a chemical that made from, and used, as part of the normal biology of some animals and plants. Animals including humans, make it via biosynthesis from the amino acid L-tyrosine.

Juvenile ALS

ALS2 — also called autosomal recessive juvenile ALS type 3 — manifests around 12 years of age, advances slowly over many years, and takes an especially noticeable toll on the upper motor neurons. It affects a small number of families, mostly in Northern Africa and the Middle East.


Injection into the innermost membrane surrounding the central nervous system. Usually done by lumbar puncture.


The nonspecific immune response that occurs in reaction to any type of bodily injury. It is a stereotyped response that is identical whether the injurious agent is a pathogenic organism, foreign body, ischemia, physical trauma, ionizing radiation, electrical energy or extremes of temperature. The reactions produced during inflammation and repair may be harmful (i.e.


Weak or absent muscle response when a normal stimulus is applied. Underactive reflexes. Antonym: Hyperreflexia, increased action of the reflexes. Overactive reflexes.


Excessive response of muscle reflexes when a stimulus is applied. Overactive and exagerrated reflexes. Antonym: Hyporeflexia - underactive reflexes.

hydrogen peroxide assay

This assay is used to identify neuroprotective changes that can shield neurons from Hydrogen Peroxide injury.